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CategoryBias

Placebo Effect: when mind conquers matter

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Placebo Effect: when mind conquers matter Just Imagine  “Let’s do a thought experiment. Round up three hundred harried commuters with headaches—not hard to do on the New York subway any workday rush hour. Of course, they are shouting and whining strident protests, which only worsen their headaches, which is precisely what you want. You reassure them that you’ll get their names listed...

Stereotyping: judging a book by its cover

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Stereotyping There is a high possibility that you have seen some maps like these:    Different groups tend to categorize other groups of people. We have specific characteristics in mind, and we tend to apply them to groups or individuals. These characteristics could be centered, among others, around gender, race, age, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation and many many others. What we...

Hot Hand Fallacy: randomness perceived as non-randomness

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Hot Hand Fallacy You watch a basketball player score four three-pointers in a row. When he successfully shoots a fifth one, you believe that the player is actually “on a hot hand” and so he is going to continue to score. What we think Sometimes we think that if something is repeatedly happening, it will continue to happen for a certain amount of time. As we previously mentioned with the...

Anchoring Effect, when “anchors” affect our decision making.

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The Anchoring Effect What we believe. When we make a decision, we collect all the necessary information and analyze all the parameters that factor in before we reach a conclusion. In the end, we choose correctly, or at least we have very good reasons supporting our choice. What is the reality: The initial information we receive, relevant or irrelevant, subconsciously plays a significant role in...

The Bandwagon Effect: when the masses affect us.

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The Bandwagon Effect Why is it that the last couple of years more and more men are picking up the habit of growing a beard? What is the deal with people of all ages, creeds, backgrounds, getting tattoos pretty much daily? What about women changing their haircut or dressing style every couple of months, according to the latest fashion trend? Finally, why is it that lately, the football supporters...

Gambler’s Fallacy

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Gambler’s Fallacy You see the lottery numbers. Some of them haven’t shown up for some time, so you go and play those numbers, believing that there is a greater chance of winning. Well, there is not, you are just victim of the Gambler’s Fallacy. You are at the supermarket, you are waiting on the line, and you see the line near you going faster. You consider changing lines, but after that...

Halo effect extended

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*This is the extended version of the article, if you are bored, or in a hurry, or you have to feed your dog, check the short version here. Halo effect Think about Hugh Grant. He seems like a nice guy, always starring in romantic movies, he appears to be a romantic heart, a man every woman would want to have. You assume he must be a generous guy, a trustworthy  loving husband who would be the...

Halo Effect

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Halo effect Imagine Hugh Grant. He seems a nice guy, always playing in romantic movies, he seems to be a romantic heart, a person every woman would want to have. You imagine that he must be a generous guy, a trustworthy loving husband who would be the perfect man for a woman. But the reality is quite different. Ηe cheated on his previous wife, and he has a,  not so quite stable personal life...

Confirmation Bias

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Confirmation Bias in everyday life. Have you ever been to a discussion wondering “How do these people believe that, haven’t they read the news?” or “How do you say that, just google it and you will see that things are not like that.” The chances are that most probably you’ve previously been in such a situation. This discussion could be about everything, from politics and religion to who is the...

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